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The Lists and Codices

Timeline of Biblical Canon Lists

The following timeline shows various canon lists and codices denoting early indications of what was accepted as Old and New Testament canons. This is to show some of the most significant lists in the development of canon that were generally accepted by the early church, therefore not all historical lists (ie. Marcion) are listed, but this should serve as a basic research tool for the average inquirer.

Wherever possible, the canon lists have been reordered to the modern Catholic/Protestant order of books for ease of browsing, as the original lists often listed the books in very different orders. Further to this, the books have been named according to their modern title, whereas in the original lists books were often referred to differently (click here for examples of this) .

References / Sources

Against Apion

  • Josephus, F., & Thackeray, H. S. J. (1926). Josephus with an English Translation: In nine volumes. London: W. Heinemann.
  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.

Primary Source

References / Sources

Bryennios List

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  •  “The Development of the Canon of the New Testament.” The Development of the Canon of the New Testament - Codex Hierosolymitanus, www.ntcanon.org/codex_Hierosolymitanus.shtml.

References / Sources

Muratorian Fragment

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). The Muratorian Fragment (about A.D. 170). Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/muratorian.html

References / Sources

Melito's List

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Melito. Retrieved February 15, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/melito.html

References / Sources

Origen's Commentaries

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.

References / Sources

Codex Vaticanus

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Aland, Kurt, and Barbara Aland. The Text of the New Testament: an Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. W.B. Eerdmans, 1995.

References / Sources

List within Codex Claromontanus

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Stichometric list in Codex Claromontanus. Retrieved February 15, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/claromontanus.html

References / Sources

Eusebius' List

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Eusebius on the Canon. Retrieved February 15, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/eusebius.html

References / Sources

Codex Sinaiticus

References / Sources

Catechesis 4 by Cyril

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Cyril of Jerusalem on the Canon. Retrieved February 15, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/cyril.html

References / Sources

Hilary’s List

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Hilary of Poitiers on the Canon. Retrieved February 15, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/hilary.html

References / Sources

The Cheltenham/Mommsen List

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). The Cheltenham or Mommsen List. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/cheltenham.html

References / Sources

The Synod of Laodicea

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Council of Laodicea. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/laodicea.html

References / Sources

39th Festal Letter

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Athanasius on the Canon. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/athanasius.html

References / Sources

Apostolic Canons

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). The Apostolic Canons. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/apostolic.html

References / Sources

Gregory of Nazianzus

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Gregory of Nazianzus on the Canon of Scripture. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/gregory.html

References / Sources

Amphilochius' List

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Amphilochius of Iconium. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/amphilocius.html

References / Sources

Panarion (Adversus Haereses)

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Epiphanius. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/epiphanius.html

References / Sources

Synod of Hippo

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.

References / Sources

Jerome's Lists

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Jerome on the Canon. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/jerome.html

References / Sources

Augustine's "On Christian Doctrine"

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Augustine on the Canon. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/augustine.html

References / Sources

Innocent I

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Innocent I. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/innocent.html

References / Sources

Codex Alexandrinus

  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Innocent I. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/codex-a.html

References / Sources

Decretum Gelasianum

  • Sander, E. T., & Fredericksen, L. (2017, November 15). Biblical literature. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/biblical-literature/The-Christian-canon
  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Decree of Gelasius. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/gelasius.html
  • Davis, G. (n.d.). Decree of Gelasius. Retrieved May 06, 2018, from http://www.ntcanon.org/Decretum_Gelasianum.shtml

References / Sources

Luther Bible

  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Luther's Treatment of the 'Disputed Books' of the New Testament. Retrieved May 6, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/antilegomena.html
  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.

References / Sources

The Council of Trent

  • Marlowe, M. D. (n.d.). Luther's Treatment of the 'Disputed Books' of the New Testament. Retrieved May 6, 2018, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/antilegomena.html
  • Gallagher, E. L., & Meade, J. D. (2017). The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis.

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